Brough is a small town on the south-western edge of the North Pennines, sitting at an important road junction. The modern A 66 trans-Pennine road now bypasses the town centre and runs between the linked communities of Market Brough and Church Brough. The main road through Market Brough now continues on north-east to become the B 6276 which crosses the high Pennines to reach Teesdale along a very scenic route, while the A 685 runs south to Kirkby Stephen and then west across the northern end of the Howgill Fells to reach Tebay.

Swindale Beck runs through the middle of the town. The town has  been a key transport route for centuries - Brough Castle sits south of the beck and west of Church Brough, next to Verteris Roman Fort.

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